AgClimate: A climate forecast information system for agricultural risk management in the southeastern USA
|Title||AgClimate: A climate forecast information system for agricultural risk management in the southeastern USA|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Fraisse CW, Breuer NE, Zierden D, Bellow JG, Paz J, Cabrera VE, Garcia AGY, Ingram KT, Hatch U, Hoogenboom G, Jones JW, O'Brien JJ|
|Journal||Computers and Electronics in Agriculture|
Seasonal climate variability plays an important role in the production risks faced by producers. The majority of crop failures in the USA are associated with either a lack or excess of rainfall. Climate forecasts can be used to reduce risks faced by an agricultural enterprise, but simply providing better climate forecasts to potential users is not enough. Climate information only has value when there is a clearly defined adaptive response and a benefit once the content of the information is considered in the decision making process. AgClimate is a response to the need for information and tools on proactive adaptations to seasonal and interannual climate variability forecasts in the southeastern USA. Extension agents, agricultural producers, forest managers, crop consultants, and policy makers may use this decision support system to aid in decision making concerning management adjustments in light of climate forecasts. Adaptations include those that might mitigate potential losses as well those with the potential to produce optimal yields. AgClimate is a web-based climate forecast and information system that was designed and implemented in partnership with the Cooperative State Extension Service. It has two main components: the front-end interface and a set of dynamic tools. The main navigation menu includes the AgClimate tools, climate forecasts, and management options for crops, forestry, pasture, and livestock. It a, so includes a climate and El Nino section with background information. The tools section contains two applications that allow a user to examine the climate forecast for individual counties based on the ENSO phase and to evaluate yield potentials for certain crops. Applied outlooks for individual agricultural sectors are also provided on a quarterly basis. AgClimate is now operational under the Southeast Climate Consortium and several upgrades are under development and consideration.