Climate response to orbital forcing across the Oligocene-Miocene boundary
|Title||Climate response to orbital forcing across the Oligocene-Miocene boundary|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Zachos JC, Shackleton NJ, Revenaugh JS, Palike H, Flower BP|
Spectral analyses of an uninterrupted 5.5-million-year (My)-long chronology of late Oligocene-early Miocene climate and ocean carbon chemistry from two deep-sea cores recovered in the western equatorial Atlantic reveal variance concentrated at all Milankovitch frequencies. Exceptional spectral power in climate is recorded at the 406-thousand-year (ky) period eccentricity band over a 3.4-million-year period [20 to 23.4 My ago (Ma)] as well as in the 125- and 95-ky bands over a 1.3-million-year period (21.7 to 23.0 Ma) of suspected Low greenhouse gas Levels. Moreover, a major transient glaciation at the epoch boundary (similar to 23 Ma), Mi-1, corresponds with a rare orbital congruence involving obliquity and eccentricity. The anomaly, which consists of Low-amplitude variance in obliquity (a node) and a minimum in eccentricity, results in an extended period (similar to 200 ky) of low seasonality orbits favorable to ice-sheet expansion on Antarctica.