Weather and Climate
Policy makers, water managers, and others in government and academia frequently use climate model outputs in support of research and management decisions. Authors of a recent article in Eos propose guidelines for creating and applying climate scenarios to research and management questions.
The state climatologist of Texas, Dr. John Nielsen-Gammon, says that if the state does not get 4.5 inches of rain by the end of September, the current drought will exceed the previous drought of record, which occurred in 1956, reports the Texas Water Resources Institute.
The ridge of high pressure that controls the location of monsoon storms has remained east of its typical position over the Four Corners region this season, leaving eastern New Mexico dry, according to the August edition of the Southwest Monsoon Tracker.
July temperatures were warm in many parts of the U.S., making last month the fourth warmest July and the fourth warmest month overall, in the U.S.
Exceptional drought conditions continue across New Mexico, as rain has been sparse there since the beginning of monsoon season, according to the most recent Southwest Climate Outlook from the Climate Assessment for the Southwest.
An increase in the amount of particles in the stratosphere since 2000 appears to have reduced surface warming from increased emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, according to new research published in Science.
The last time the Earth was much warmer than today—during the Pliocene, 3.3 million to 3 million years ago—El Niño and La Niña events occurred more frequently, according to new research published in Paleooceanography.